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Berthold Rosenthal Collection 1706-1959

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Berthold Rosenthal Collection 1706-1959


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This collection documents the historical and genealogical work of the teacher and genealogist Berthold Rosenthal. It contains extensive information on the history of Jews in Baden, as well as genealogical information on several families

Berthold Rosenthal wrote many articles on German Jews in Baden, and this collection contains both unpublished manuscripts and published clippings of his written articles. Subseries 1 of Series I holds some unpublished, handwritten manuscripts on topics such as the education of Jewish children as well as on Jewish communities in Baden. Subseries 2 of the same series holds numerous published articles by Berthold Rosenthal, concerning Jews in Baden and in Mannheim, among other topics. Series II holds many handwritten notes on Jewish communities in Baden, much of it taken from original documents he encountered in city and regional archives. Rosenthals published writings will also be found in the community newspapers of Series VI: Subseries 1. In addition, Series VIII: Addenda contains Rosenthals detailed work on Jews in Baden, Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden. A review of this work will be found in Series VII: Subseries 3

The collection is also strong in the area of genealogical information. Berthold Rosenthal worked on collecting genealogical information for many families. Some of this material may be found among the community histories in Series II. These histories contain many notes on names used by Jewish families in different areas and at different times in Baden. Series IV, however, is where the largest portion of genealogical information is located. It includes family trees, genealogical tables, and narrative family histories of many Jewish families from the area of Baden, as well as correspondence with family members, which also often contains information on families and their history. A small amount of genealogical information on the Rosenthal family will be found in Series VII: Personal Records and Papers

One area in which the collection is not very comprehensive is in biographical or personal material on Berthold Rosenthal himself. There are only a few letters, mainly in Series V: Correspondence, in the collection which contain biographical information. Another area where there is a small amount of correspondence is located in Series VII

The following individuals are mentioned in this collection: Auerbach, Joseph; Avneri, Prof.; Bachmann, Anna; Bauer, Adolf; Berolzheimer, Michael; Blum, Hans; Brilon, Isaak; Cahnmann, Werner; Caro, Kurt; Chone, Dr.; Czellitzer, Arthur, 1871-1943; Diamant, Paul; Eckstein, A.; Elbogen, Prof.; Eschelbacher, J.; Eschelbacher, S.; Ettlinger, Fritz; Falk, Henna; Falt, Louis; Felsenthal, S.; Finck, Friedrich; Freimann, Prof.; Friedlaender, Josua; Fuerst, Salomon; Ginsburger, M.; Goldschmidt, Salomon Benedikt; Greilsheimer, Rabbi; Haas, Ludwig; Hertz, Hans W.; Hildesheimer, Esriel, 1820-1899; Hochstetter, Emanuel; Homburger, Julius; Jeselsohn, Max; Klaus, Lemle Moyses; Kuhn, Hans; Ladenburg, Karl; Langguth, Otto; Lenel, Richard; Lewin, A.; Loeb, S.; Maas, Moses; Oppenheimer, Loew; Pfister, Erwin J.J.; Pokow, S.; Rieser, F.; Rosenthal, Babette (born Weil-Hochstetter); Rosenthal, Berthold; Rosenthal, Emanuel; Rosenthal, Jakob; Rosenthal, Karoline; Rosenthal, W.; Steckelmacher, M.; Stransky, H.; Szulwas, Moses; Taenzer, A.; Valver, J.; Veit, Simon; Weil, Nathaniel; Weinberg, M.; Wolff, Alfred; Zimmels, H.J

The following families are mentioned in this collection: Aaron family, Aberle family, Abraham family, Adelsberger family, Adler family, Alexander family, Altdoerfer family, Altschul family, Altschuler family, Aron family, Astruk family, Aur family, Bacharach family, Bachmann family, Baer family, Ballin family, Bamberger family, Bamberger-Wolff family, Baruch family, Bauer family, Baum family, Beer family, Behrend family, Bela family, Benedikt family, Benjamin family, Bensbach family, Bensheim family, Benzian family, Benzinger family, Berend family, Berg family, Berlichingen family, Besag family, Biermann family, Bing family, Binge family, Bluem family, Blum family, Bodenheimer family, Boerstadt family, Bolack family, Boppard family, Borchenhagen family, Braunschweig family, Breisacher family, Brendel family, Brentano family, Brilin family, Bruehl family, Brusel family, Buehler family, Buxbaum family, Calman family, Canstatt family, Cohen family, Cossel family, David family, Detelbach family, Dinkelspiel family, Dittigheim family, Doss family, Dreifuss family, Dreyfuss family, Dukas family, Eberstadt family, Edelsheimer family, Edesheimer family, Edinger family, Ehrlich family, Ehrmann family, Einstein family, Eisemann family, Eissig family, Elias family, Elkahn family, Elkan family, Ellstaedter family, Emrich family, Epstein family, Eppstein family, Eschebacher family, Eschelbacher family, Ester family, Ettlinger family, Faber family, Faist family, Falk family, Feibelmann family, Feiss family, Feist family, Feitler family, Filehne family, Firnheim family, Fischel family, Fischer family, Flesch family, Fradge family, Fraenkel family, Frank family, Frankel family, Frankfurt family, Freinsheim family, Freudenberger family, Frey family, Friedmann family, Froehlich family, Fromm family, Fuchs family, Fuerst family, Fuerth family, Fuld Family, Fulda family, Fulda-Mainzer family, Gans family, Gatzert family, Gimbel family

Goetsch family, Goldschmidt family, Gomperz family, Gottschalk family, Grabenheimer family, Graber family, Gross family, Gruen family, Gruenebaum family, Gruenwald family, Grumbacher family, Guedele family, Guembel family, Gugenheim family, Guggenheim family, Gumbel family, Gummersheimer family, Gut family, Gutmann family, Haas family, Haber family, Hachenburg family, Hagenow family, Hahn family, Haje family, Halevi family, Halle family, Hamburger family, Hausen family, Haymann family, Hayum family, Hecht family, Heckscher family, Heidenheimer family, Heinsheimer family, Hennoch family, Hernsheim family, Herrmann family, Herz family, Hess family, Heymann family, Hilb family, Hirsch family, Hirschel family, Hirschler family, Hirz family, Hochheim family, Hochstaedter family, Hockenheimer family, Honig family, Isaac family, Isaack family, Isaak family, Jakob family, Jakobina family, Jesel family, Josef family, Joseph family, Judle family, Juetle family, Kaemmerer family, Kaffenburger amily, Kafmann family, Kahn famlily, Katz family, Katzenellenbogen family, Kauffmann family, Kaufman family, Keser family, Kirchheimer family, Klein family, Kocherthaler family, Kohn family, Koppel family, Kraemer family, Krakau family, Kramer family, Krause family, Kronenberger family, Krushaber family, Kulb family, Ladenburg family, Laemle family, Laupheim family, Lazarus family, Leffmann family, Lehmann family, Leib family, Lemle family, Lenel family, Leob family, Leser family, Lesermann family, Levi family, Levinger family, Levis family, Levy family, Lewin family, Lichten family, Lichtenberger family, Lichternberg family, Liebholz family, Liebmann family, Lindheimer family, Lindmann family, Lippmann family, Loeb family, Loew family, Loewenthal family, Lorch family, Lorsch family, Lussheimer family, Maas family, Machol family, Madel family, Maennle family, Maier family, Mainzer family, Manasse family, Manes family, Mannheimer family

Mar family, Marse family, Marx family, Masus family, May family, Mayer family, Mayer (Astruck-irsch) family, Meir family, Menachem family, Mendel family, Menz family, Mergensheim family, Meschullam family, Metzger family, Meyer family, Michel family, Moehler family, Mordge family, Morgenthau family, Mosbach family, Mosbacher family, Moses family, Moyses family, Mueller family, Nadenheim family, Nathan family, Neter family, Netter family, Neuburger family, Neugass family, Neumark family, Neumond family, Noeder family, Noether family, Oesterreich family, Oettingen family, Oettinger family, Offenbach family, Oppenheim family, Oppenheimer family, Ottenheimer family, Otterbach family, Perl family, Pfaelzer family, Pikard family, Pollack family, Praeger family, Raphol family, Rappolt family, Regensburger family, Reiss family, Reiz family, Reutlinger family, Rheinganum family, Riele family, Riess family, Rofe family, Rohnheimer family, Rosenbaum family, Rosenberg family, Rosenberger family, Rosenthal family, Rosina family, Rothschild family, Saalheimer family, Salomon family, Samson family, Samuel family, Sandel family, Sandhausen family, Scheuer family, Scheyer family, Schiff family, Schloss family, Schmelkes family, Schmitt family, Schneider family, Schnurmann family, Schriesheimer family, Schwaiger family, Schwarz family, Schwarzschild family, Schweizer family, Schwelm family, Seckeles family, Seligmann family, Siegel family, Simon family, Simons family, Simson family, Sinsheimer family, Sinzheim family, Sommer family, Sommer-Bauer family, Sondheimer family, Spanier family, Sperber family, Speyer family, Spielmann family, Stadthagen family, Stark family, Stein family, Steiner family, Stern family, Sternberger family, Sternheimer family, Strassburger family, Straus family, Strauss family, Stuckert family, Suess family, Suring family, Susmann family, Tannhauser family, Telz family, Tenkel family, Teutsch family

Thalheimer family, Uffenheimer family, Uhlmann family, Ullmann family, Ulmo family, Valentin family, van Holland family, Veit family, Vogel family, Wachenheim family, Wacker family, Wallduern family, Wallerstein family, Warburg family, Weil family, Weinberger family, Weingarten family, Weiss family, Wertheimer family, Willstaetter family, Wohlgemuth family, Wolf family, Wolff family, Wollenberger family, Woog family, Wormser family, Wuertzburg family, Wuerzburger family, Zacharias family, Zerle family, Ziegler family, Zung family

The following geographic locations are mentioned in this collection: Altdorf, Altona, Aschaffenburg, Assenheim, Bad-Duerkheim, Baden, Baden-Baden, Baden-Durlach, Bechhofen, Beisheim, Bensheim, Bergen, Bieskastel, Bischofsheim a. Tauber, Blieskastel, Boedigheim, Boseberg, Bruchsal, Buchen, Buchsweiler, Buehl, Darmstadt, Denorbrement, Ditwar, Duerkheim, Durlach, Eberbach, Edelfingen, Eppingen, Epstein, Feudenheim, Frankfurt am Main, Gailingen, Giessigheim, Grossrinderfeld, Gruenstadt, Hainstadt, Hanau-Lichtenberg, Hardheim, Heidelberg, Hembsbach, Hesse, Hilsbach, Hochberg, Hochhausen a. T., Hockenheim, Hoffenheim, Karlsruhe, Kirchart, Klieskastel, Koenigsheim, Koenigshofen, Krautheim, Kuelsheim, Kuppenheim, Kupprichshausen, Ladenburg, Lampartheim, Landau, Leimen, Leiningen, Leutershausen, Liedolsheim, Limpertheim, Lorsch, Mannheim, Marchingen, Markelfingen, Meckesheim, Michelstadt, Miltenberg, Mosbach, Muehlheim, Mussbach, Neckarbischofsheim, Neckargerach, Obergrombach, Odenheim, Offenbach, Offenburg, Osterburken, Otterberg, Palatinate, Pforzheim, Posen, Reihen, Richen, Rippenberg, Rust, Schluechtern, Sinsheim, Speyer, Steinheim, Steinsfurt, Stuehlingen, Ueffingen, Uehlfeld, Unter-Schuepf, Venningen, Wallach, Wallduern, Weinheim, Wenkheim, Wertheim, Winnweiler, Worms

Berthold Rosenthal was born on January 17, 1875 in Liedolsheim bei Karlsruhe, the son of Emanuel Rosenthal, a cattle dealer and Babette nee Weil. In 1914 he married Johanna nee Benzian. In the following years they had three children: Ernst, Ruth, and Lotte

From 1889-1891 Rosenthal attended preparatory school in Tauberbischofsheim. For the following three years he studied towards his teaching degree in Karlsruhe. After receiving his degree, he first obtained a position teaching Jewish religion classes, which he did from 1894 until 1897 in Kirchen-Efringen, Adelsheim bei Buchen, and Friesenheim bei Lahr. In 1901 he began teaching at a grammar school in Mannheim. From 1914 to 1916 Rosenthal served in World War I, and was released from service because of an eye injury. He resumed teaching in Mannheim, where he continued until he was forced to leave in 1933. In addition to teaching, he wrote for the Jewish magazine Die neue Volkschulworte. He was also involved in Jewish charity organizations and secretary of the Jewish August-Lamey-Loge. During the Weimar Republic he collected information on Jews in Baden, and in 1927 his work Heimatgeschichte der badischen Juden was published

This work would become very important in the future, since it contained much information on Jews in Baden that was lost under the National Socialist regime. After he lost his position in 1933 as a grammar school, he contributed information to the Germania Judaica, the publication of which was forbidden to be published by the German government. The Germania Judaica would eventually be published by the Leo Baeck Institute in 1968

In September 1940 Berthold Rosenthal and his wife escaped to the United States via Portugal. They arrived in New York and were greeted by Berthold Rosenthals two daughters and younger siblings, who had left Germany earlier. His eldest son Ernst went to live in Palestine on a kibbutz. Berthold Rosenthal lived for eight years in New York, staying with his daughters, and worked for a time in an export business there owned by his nephew. Eventually Berthold Rosenthal moved to Omaha, Nebraska, where he died on December 16, 1957 at 82 years old

index of names by town from Baden Namensgebungsverzeichnis, section II.2

See also Berthold Rosenthal's memoirs (ME 529)


Language German
Call number AR 637
Digitizing sponsor Leo Baeck Institute Archives
Book contributor Leo Baeck Institute Archives
Collection LeoBaeckInstitute; americana

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